IVF - In Vitro Fertilization
Literally means ‘fertilization in glass’ generally termed as ‘test tube babies’. For a macro level understanding, the process involves placing an egg and sperm together for them to fertilize outside of the women body to form an embryo. This embryo is then transferred to the uterus to conceive.
The first IVF baby, Louise Brown, was born in 1978 in the United Kingdom. The technique was originally developed to treat infertility caused by blocked or damaged fallopian tubes but is now globally used to treat a wider variety of infertility problems among both men and women.