Krishna IVF Clinic is a multilingual, state-of-the-art IVF Lab and Fertility Clinic that offers personalised care with latest technology needed to manage infertility & reproductive disorders.
Artificial insemination is a treatment that can help some couples have a baby. It involves directly inserting sperm into a woman’s womb.
- It’s also known as intrauterine insemination (IUI).
- IUI treatment is offered if a man had mild fertility problems, a woman had mild endometriosis, or a couple had unexplained infertility.
- Before IUI is carried out, a couple’s fertility may need to be assessed to find out why they are having difficulty conceiving and to determine whether artificial insemination is suitable.
- For a woman to have IUI, her fallopian tubes (the tubes connecting the ovaries to the womb) must be open and healthy, because this is where the sperm will fertilise the egg and how the resulting embryo moves down into the womb.
The fallopian tubes can be assessed using one of three methods:
a laparoscopy – where a thin, tubular microscope inserted through a small cut in the tummy is used to look closely at the womb, fallopian tubes and ovaries
hysterosalpingogram– an X-ray of the womb and fallopian tubes taken after a special dye has been injected
Timing of treatment
To maximize the chances of success, a cycle of IUI should be carried out just after ovulation. It’s difficult to predict exactly when this will occur, but in most women it usually happens between 12 and 16 days after they have their period. Vaginal ultrasound scans are used to track the development of your eggs. As soon as an egg is mature, you will be given a hormone injection to stimulate its release.
IUI using a partner’s sperm
- If a couple decides to have IUI using their own sperm, the man will be asked to provide a sperm sample at the fertility clinic by masturbating into a specimen cup, usually on the same day that IUI treatment takes place.
- The sperm sample will be “washed” and filtered using special equipment to remove any dead sperm and impurities. The faster-moving sperm will be kept and any slow-moving sperm will be removed. This produces a concentrated sample of healthy sperm.
- An instrument called a speculum is inserted into the woman’s vagina to keep it open. A thin, flexible tube called a catheter is then placed inside the vagina and guided into the womb. This process is mostly painless, although some women experience mild, short-lived cramping. The sperm sample will then be passed through the catheter and into the womb.
- The process usually takes no more than 10 minutes, and the couple should be able to go home shortly after the procedure is finished.
Are there any risks:
Risks involved with IUI are minimal, although some women experience mild cramps similar to period pains. In cases where medication is used to stimulate ovulation, there is a small risk of a reaction to the medication and a chance of an unintended multiple pregnancies (such as twins or triplets). You’ll be monitored with ultrasound scans to check for a potential multiple pregnancy and the treatment cycle can be abandoned if necessary to avoid this.